This week on NYNHB we’re turning things over to cycling guru Paul East from Bike Parts.
Long term readers of this blog might remember a while back I stuffed my leg up and, despite giving it two years to mend, it refuses – every time I build back up to running, I push it that little bit too hard and stuff it back up again – the only exercise I can really do is cycling. So, when Paul said he’d like to talk about cycling and weight loss on here, I jumped at the chance to find out more. So, here we go….over to Paul
“Whether you already have a bicycle at home or can only hit the stationary bicycle at the gym, cycling has been proven time and time again to help in weight loss, and this article will explain the science behind how.
Before we begin with the more complicated facts and fun bits though, you need to understand the basic formula of weight loss: You need to burn more calories than you consume.
There are a few factors that affect how much calories you burn, and the noticeable ones are:
- Intensity of your workout
- Workout duration
- Body weight
- Efficiency in doing the exercise
Once you’ve lost some pounds from your hard work (congratulations, by the way!), you’ll notice you won’t lose the same amount of weight as you did before when you keep on sticking to that same old routine with the same intensity. This is called a weight-loss plateau.
So how do you keep burning more calories? By increasing your workout intensity (choosing uphill routes or increasing the resistance on the stationary bike), increasing your workout duration, or both at the same time.
Uphill terrains are more challenging than flat terrains because you’re going against the forces of gravity. You’ll also notice your heart pumping much faster, which stimulates your metabolism and helps you burn more fat. Cycling against the wind direction and using heavier gears are also great ways to increase your cycling intensity.
Intensity is subjective. A guideline to see how hard you’re giving it would be by following the fat-burning heart rate. At rest, the heart beats between 60 and 100 times a minute for most people. Your heart rate increases during exercise, and your fat-burning heart rate is 70% of your maximum heart rate.
To find out your maximum heart rate, take your age and subtract it from 220. If you’re 20 years old, your maximum heart rate would be 200, and 70% of 200 would be 140 beats per minute. Luckily, there are plenty of monitors on the market to check your heart rate. Typically, people opt for wrist monitors such as the Fitbit Charge 2.
So, how much cycling do you need to do to lose weight?
There’s no exact number or accurate suggestions, but the number of calories you burn will be determined by how much you weight, how fast you cycle and the resistance you face (remember intensity?)
To lose 1lb of body weight, you will need to burn 3,500 excess calories. According to the Cycling calculator, a 30-minute bike ride for a 155lb person at moderate speeds between 10-12mph will burn 250 calories.
You can expect the average person to burn 450 to 750 calories per hour on the bicycle.
This means that if that person were to lose a pound per week, he would need to cycle an hour per day. This is if you’re not making changes in your diet, and you’re consuming the calories needed to maintain your weight, not lose it.
This might seem like a lot of work because it is. But, if you are serious about losing weight, you would know that you should be cutting down on carbs, to begin with. I highly suggest to sticking between 50-150 grams of carbs per day.
For as long as you’re in a caloric deficit (eating fewer calories than you need to maintain your current bodyweight), you don’t need to cycle as much as I’ve mentioned, because you would be burning more calories than you’re consuming daily.
A fact that most people – even the veterans don’t realize is that your body continues to burn calories way after you’ve finished your routine. This is called the excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC). Simply put, this is the process where your body works hard to replenish its energy sources, reoxygenating of blood and return to baseline breathing and heart rate. The harder you workout, the higher the EPOC! Depending on the intensity and how much oxygen you consume during your workout, EPOC can last between 3-24 hours.
If you can’t make the time to cycle recreationally, I would highly suggest cycling to work. A study from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK found that those who cycle to and from work had the lowest BMI and body fat percentage when compared to those who drive and take the bus. The results show that the average BMI for male cyclists were 1.71kg/m2 and women at an average of 1.65kg/m2 lower than those who drive. “
So there you have it – the quick guide to pedalling your way slimmer. So, do you have any more cycling tips to share or stories about how you used cycling for weight loss? Let me know in the comments. The more the merrier.